Atrato Applications

How the Atrato Ultrasonic Flowmeters work:

The Atrato  system uses the well proven time of flight measuring method which is far more reliable and accurate than Doppler shift measurement where reflected signals are required from irregularities in the liquid.  The Atrato crystals are plain disks with a hole in the centre forming a washer, which are excited in such a way that they oscillate radially as opposed to the normal mode of excitement which is across the thickness of the ceramic.  This strong radial signal sends symmetrical pulses directly into the tube.

Because of these annular ring crystals the sound travelling down the pipe can be considered as a plain wave.  The signal to noise ratio is remarkable  as there is little background noise and high signal strengths.  At times the signal to noise ratio is as high as 3000:1. As the system is fully balanced at zero flows the two signals are identical and cancel each other out.  This gives a very stable zero flow condition and is the basis of the flowmeters high ratio between minimum and maximum flows. As the flow increases these signals go out of phase and we measure this phase shift to an accuracy equivalent to 250 picoseconds.

In addition, the sound waves travelling down the tube in the Atrato operating system are symmetrical and as a result any changes in the fluid’s velocity profile across the pipe diameter will be averaged out by the signal as it passes from the transmitter to the receiver.  It is therefore irrelevant whether the fluid is fully formed with turbulent flow or completely laminar with a classic parabolic profile. In practice this gives the Atrato an excellent immunity to Reynolds number changes and a good high viscosity performance.

Flows from 2mL to 20 L/Min.

Ideal for:
Drink dispensing
Laboratory tests
Cooling equipment
Active flow alarms
Semiconductor plant
OEM applications